The time synchronization for each antenna is kept within 0.1 μsec using GPS and high stability frequency standard provided by the hydrogen maser.
To correct for clock parameter offsets with better accuracy, bright continuum sources with accurately-known positions should be observed at usually every 60-80 minutes during observations.
A recommended scan length for calibrators is 5-10 minutes.
This can be done by the AIPS task FRING.
The calibration of frequency characteristic (bandpass calibration) can be also done based on the observation of bright continuum source.
This can be done by the AIPS task BPASS.